American Cockroach Description
One of the largest commonly found cockroaches in Texas, these roaches can reach 1-2 inches long. Their color is reddish-brown with a shield portion behind the head that is sometimes light brown or yellow.
This roaches life cycle is considered simple metamorphosis, which includes an egg, nymph, and adult. In or around infested areas female cockroaches drop or glue ¼ inch long egg capsules (the capsules are long and bean-like). Each of these egg capsules contains about 15 eggs, gross! Eggs hatch into nymphs, which resemble the adult American Cockroach, but they’re usually grey in color. Complete development from egg to adult is about 600 days (depending on temperature).
American Cockroaches are generally outdoor species. They will live in decaying trees, woodpiles, palm trees, and sewer systems. It’s easy for them to enter your home because they have flattened bodies. Main points of entry include cracks around loose-fitting doors and windows, pipes and electric lines that pass through walls, and attic ridge venting. They’ll eat pretty much anything including sweets, starchy foods, meats, grease, baked goods, leather, wallpaper paste, and bookbinding’s. These roaches have wings and are able to glide.
From various points in their bodies American cockroaches, produce odorous secretions that can affect the flavor of various foods. When populations are high, these secretions may result in a characteristic odor in the general region of the infestation. Disease-producing organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, and viruses have been found in cockroach bodies. Different forms of food poisoning and dysentery appear to be the principal diseases transmitted by these cockroaches. These disease-causing organisms are carried on the legs and bodies of cockroaches, and are deposited on food and utensils as cockroaches forage. Cockroach excrement and cast skins also contain a number of allergens, to which many people exhibit allergic responses such as skin rashes, watery eyes, congestion of nasal passages, asthma, and sneezing.